The Police Act (R.S.Q., c. P-13.1) charges police forces and each police force member with maintaining peace, order and public security, preventing and repressing crime and, according to their respective jurisdiction, offences under the law or municipal by-laws, and apprehending offenders.
In order to comply with this mandate, and taking into consideration the constant state of change that characterizes our society, Québec police have given themselves precise guidelines based on rules and fundamental ethical and moral principles. Police officers of today have at their disposition many tools that optimize the performance of their daily duties of crime prevention and repression, which is largely inspired by the following aspects:
These aspects are integrated into police training and reflected in the objectives pursued by the programs of study concerned. As formerly mentioned, basic training of Québec police officers is accomplished through two distinct but complementary study programs:
The content of any of these 2 training stages are established from an agreement between all the partners concerned by police training and work in Québec. They lead to separate diplomas: the Diploma of College Studies or the Attestation of College Studies in police technology and the diploma of basic training in police patrolling issued by the École nationale de police du Québec. In accordance with the Police Act (R.S.Q., c. P-13.1), only the diploma issued by the school vests the right to exercise functions as a police officer in Québec.