Police Officer Candidate

The Police Act (R.S.Q., c. P-13.1) charges police forces and each police force member with maintaining peace, order and public security, preventing and repressing crime and, according to their respective jurisdiction, offences under the law or municipal by-laws, and apprehending offenders.

In order to comply with this mandate, and taking into consideration the constant state of change that characterizes our society, Québec police have given themselves precise guidelines based on rules and fundamental ethical and moral principles. Police officers of today have at their disposition many tools that optimize the performance of their daily duties of crime prevention and repression, which is largely inspired by the following aspects:

  • A heightened awareness of the concept of serving the public;
  • The concern with supporting victims of crime;
  • The search for and the forming of partnerships;
  • The problem-solving approach;
  • The specific policing strategies and techniques which take into account the arrival of new technologies and the evolution of crime.

These aspects are integrated into police training and reflected in the objectives pursued by the programs of study concerned. As formerly mentioned, basic training of Québec police officers is accomplished through two distinct but complementary study programs:

  • The program of collegial studies in police technology which leads to either the Diploma of Collegial Studies (D.C.S.) or the Attestation of Collegial Studies (A.C.S.), according to whether or not the candidate has a promise of employment from a police department or previous training which is considered acceptable. For the duration of this program, candidates study the theoretical and practical foundations which make possible the acquisition of general knowledge and skills.
  • The basic Patrol Officer Training Program of the École nationale de police allows to use and integrate this knowledge and these skills in order to learn and exercise police intervention methods well known in Québec.

The content of any of these 2 training stages are established from an agreement between all the partners concerned by police training and work in Québec. They lead to separate diplomas: the Diploma of College Studies or the Attestation of College Studies in police technology and the diploma of basic training in police patrolling issued by the École nationale de police du Québec. In accordance with the Police Act (R.S.Q., c. P-13.1), only the diploma issued by the school vests the right to exercise functions as a police officer in Québec.

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